IAPSO Annual Reports

 


2015 IAPSO Activities 

Introduction 

IAPSO has the prime goal of "promoting the study of scientific problems relating to the oceans and the interactions taking places at the sea floor, coastal, and atmospheric boundaries insofar as such research is conducted by the use of mathematics, physics, and chemistry." IAPSO works mainly through 1) biennial scientific assemblies; 2) working groups; 3) commissions; 4) services and 5) website information. Of special importance to IAPSO is to involve scientists and students from developing countries in the oceanographic activities

IAPSO maintains formal liaison with other scientific commissions and committees. These include the ICSU's Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), and UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC).

Administration

The IAPSO office has been situated at Gothenburg University, Sweden until June 2015, and the day-to-day business has been managed by the Secretary General (SG) Johan Rodhe, Sweden. In July 2015 the IAPSO office moved to the Institute of Marine Science of the National Research Council of Italy, Trieste and since then the day-to-day business has been managed by the newly elected SG, Stefania Sparnocchia.

The new Bureau of IAPSO comprises the President, Denise Smythe-Wright, the Past President, Eugene Morozov, the SG, Stefania Sparnocchia and the Treasurer, Ken Ridgway. The SG is responsible for the IAPSO website and in July, 2015 a new IAPSO page was created in the Facebook social network, with the aim of facilitating the spreading of information in the community (see https://www.facebook.com/iapso.iugg.org).

In 2015, there were four IAPSO business meetings and meeting of the EC during the IUGG General Assembly in Prague. Other IAPSO discussions were maintained by means of e-mail communication.

Activities

The principal activity during the year was the participation in the IUGG General Assembly in Prague (IUGG 2015), Czech Republic, from 22 June to 2 July. The meeting was characterized by the central theme: "Earth and Environmental Sciences for Future Generation". The Assembly attracted over 4200 participants from 90 countries covering all five inhabited continents. Almost 5400 contributions out of more than 5700 submissions were presented (more than 2200 as posters) in a total of 202 symposia and workshops, divided into 639 sessions. IAPSO contributed to the 26th IUGG General Assembly 2015 by organizing 13 IAPSO only symposia and 11 interdisciplinary symposia. 345 scientists registered as IAPSO participants with 446 oral or poster presentations.

During IUGG 2015 in Prague, Emeritus Professor Toshio Yamagata from University of Tokyo and Director of Application Laboratory, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), was awarded for the Prince Albert I Medal for "his ground-breaking work and exceptional contribution to our understanding of El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the newly discovered Indian Ocean Dipole". The Award ceremony took place on June 29, during which Prof. Yamagata gave the Albert I Memorial Lecture.

The Eugene LaFond Medal 2015 was awarded to Dr. Sana Ben Ismail from Tunisia for her oral presentation "Surface circulation features along the Tunisian coast (central Mediterranean sea): the Atlantic Tunisian current" delivered within the IAPSO symposium "Physics and Biogeochemistry of Semi-Enclosed and Shelf Seas" during the IUGG 2015 General Assembly. The Award ceremony took place at the Closing ceremony on July 1.

IAPSO is now organizing the IAPSO-IAMAS-IAGA Joint Assembly in Cape Town, South Africa, from 27 August - 1 September, 2017. A first meeting for planning was held in Prague, involving IAPSO, IAMAS and IAGA officers and a further meeting was held by videoconference on October 2015. Information about the conference will be posted at http://www.iapso-iamas-iaga2017.com/.

IAPSO maintains formal relations with the ICSU's Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR). Every year the IAPSO EC is involved in the evaluation of Working Group proposal to be funded by SCOR in the next years. Moreover, President Denise Smythe-Wright participated in the SCOR General Meeting in Goa India, 6-9 December 2015. One important issue during the meeting was the decision about which working groups to fund.

IAPSO sponsored activities

Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides (CMSLT), President: Gary T. Mitchum. Vice-President: Simon Holgate. Website: www.psmsl.org/

Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, hosted by Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, UK. Director: Dr. Lesley Rickards. IAPSO Liaison: Philip L. Woodworth. Website: www. www.psmsl.org/

IAPSO Standard Seawater Service, hosted by OSIL, Havant, Hampshire, UK. Director: Paul, Ridout; Website Website www.osil.co.uk

Joint Committee on the Properties of Seawater, JCS (with SCOR and IAPWS). Chair: Rich Pawlowicz. Vice-Chairs: Trevor McDougall, Rainer Feistel. Website: http://www.teos-10.org/

IAPSO/IASPEI/IAVCEI Joint Tsunami Commission. Chair: Dr. Vasily V. Titov. IAPSO Representative: Efim Pelinovsky. Website: www.iaspei.org/commissions/JCT.html

The working groups, commissions and services report to IAPSO. These reports are published on the IAPSO website http://iapso.iugg.org/working-groups

IAPSO Liaison Officers and IUGG Commission Correspondents

The newly appointed/confirmed Liaison Officers and Correspondents to Commissions and Committees for 2015-2019 are as follows:

UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC): Stefania Sparnocchia (Italy)

ICSU Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR): Denise Smythe-Wright (UK)

ICSU Regional Office for Africa (ROA): Isabelle Ansorge (South Africa)

Climatic and Environmental Changes (CCEC): Harry Bryden (UK)

Mathematical Geophysics (CMG): Adam Monaham (Canada)

Geophysical Risk and Sustainability (GRC): Christa von Hillebrandt-Andrade (USA)

Data and Information (UCDI): Ira Didenkulova (Estonia)

Working Group on History (WGH): John Gould (UK)

Members of IAPSO Executive Committee (EC) for 2015-2019

President: Dr Denise Smythe-Wright (UK); Secretary General: Dr Stefania Sparnocchia (Italy); Past President: Dr Eugene Morozov (Russia); Treasurer: M.App.Sc. Ken Ridgway (Australia); Vice Presidents: Dr Isabelle Ansorge (South Africa); Dr Trevor McDougall (Australia); EC Members: Dr Agatha de Boer (Sweden), Prof Toshiyuki Hibiya (Japan), Dr Christa von Hildebrandt-Andrade (USA and Puerto Rico), Dr Chris Meinen (USA), Dr Satheesh Chandra Shenoi (India), Dr Hans van Haren (The Netherlands).

 


2014 IAPSO Activities 

 

 

Introduction of IAPSO:
IAPSO has the prime goal of "promoting the study of scientific problems relating to the oceans and the interactions taking places at the sea floor, coastal, and atmospheric boundaries insofar as such research is conducted by the use of mathematics, physics, and chemistry."  IAPSO works mainly through 1) biennial scientific assemblies; 2) working groups; 3) Commissions; 4) Services and 5) website information. Of special importance to IAPSO is to involve scientists and students from developing countries in the activities.
IAPSO maintains formal liaison with other scientific commissions and committees. These include the ICSU's Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), and UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC).
For more information see http://iapso.iugg.org/

Administration
The IAPSO office has been situated at Gothenburg University, Sweden since July 2007, and the day-to-day business has been managed by the Secretary General (SG) Johan Rodhe, Sweden. The Bureau of IAPSO comprises of the President, Eugene Morozov, Russia, the Past President, Lawrence Mysak, Canada, the SG, Johan Rodhe, and the Treasurer, Fred Camfield, USA. The SG has been responsible for the IAPSO website.
In 2013, there were three IAPSO business meetings and meeting of the EC during the Assembly in Gothenburg. The other IAPSO discussions were maintained by means of e-mail communication.

Activities
2014 was a year between the biennial General assemblies. The main task of the Bureau and the Executive Committee was the planning of the participation in the IUGG2015 FGeneral Assembly in Prague Czech Republic June 22  July 2, 2015. There will be 13 IAPSO only symposia, 5 IAPSO-lead Association-Joint symposia and1 IAPSO-lead Union symposia. In addition IAPSO co-sponsors 6 Joint and 7 Union symposia.

Symposia Convened by IAPSO (only IAPSO Conveners and Co-conveners are noted):
P01 General Topics on the Physical Science of the Oceans. Convener: I. Ansorge  (South Africa), Co-conveners: I. Halo (South Africa/Mozambique), J. Durgadoo (Germany)
P02 Physics and Biogeochemistry of Semi-Enclosed and Shelf Seas. Convener: K. Schroeder (Italy), Co-conveners: H. Burchard (Germany), L. Demina (Russia), K. Ridgway (Australia)
P03 Ocean Mixing. Convener: T. Hibiya (Japan), Co-conveners: T. McDougall (Australia), L. Arneborg (Sweden)
P04 Oceanic Boundary Current Systems. Convener: J. McClean (USA), Co-conveners: S. Pierini (Italy), W. Cai (Australia), S. Waterman (Canada)
P05 Southern Hemispheric Forcing of the MOC and Carbon Cycle in Past, Present, and Future Climate Change. Convener: L. Beal (USA), Co-conveners: G. Marino (Australia), K. Kohfeld (Canada), M. Krug (South Africa), S. Dong (USA)
P06 The Southern Ocean: where Ocean, Ice and Atmosphere Meet. Convener: K. Heywood (UK). Co-conveners: A. Wåhlin (Sweden), A. Thompson (USA), R. Tarakanov (Russia)
P07 Chemical Trends and Impacts on Ecosystems. Convener: D. Smythe-Wright (UK), Co-conveners: E. Yakushev (Norway)
P08 MOC and Deep Currents. Convener: C. Meinen (USA), Co-conveners: E. Morozov (Russia), E. Frajka-Williams (UK), S. Drijfhout (Netherlands)
P09 The North Atlantic and Climate Change. Convener: S. Josey (UK), Co-conveners: S. Gulev (Russia), B. Hansen (Faroe Islands), S. Lozier (USA), P. Myers (Canada), F. Perez (Spain)
P10 Sub-Mesoscale Eddies. Convener: M. Sokolovskiy (Russia), Co-conveners: X. Carton (France), K. Koshel (Russia), Y. Cotroneo (Italy)
P11 Wind Waves, Including Extreme Waves. Convener: F. Qiao (China). Co-conveners: E. Pelinovsky (Russia), A. Babanin (Australia), C. Guan (China)
P12 Indian Ocean Expedition I to Indian Ocean Expedition 2 - Five Decades of Indian Ocean Oceanography: Challenges in Physics and Biogeochemistry of Indian Ocean. Convener: S. Shenoi (India), Co-conveners: M. McPhaden (USA); Y. Masumoto (Japan); R. Hood (USA)
P13 Internal waves dynamics in world oceans: from remote sensing, in situ monitoring to numerical modeling. Convener: X. Chen (China), Co-conveners: L. Qiang (China), R. Grimshaw (UK)
U7 The Potential for Carbon- and Climate-Engineering to Offset Global Change. Convener: Tim Kruger, Oxford, U.K.
JP1 Sea Level Change and Variability: Past, Present and Future. Convener: G. Mitchum, USA. Co-convener: P. Woodworth, UK
JP2 The Potential for Carbon- and Climate-Engineering to Offset Global Change. Convener: T. Kruger, U.K.
JP4 Satellite Oceanography and Climatology. Convener: A. Kostianoy, Russia, Co-conveners: S. Vignudelli, Italy, J. Benvenist, Italy
JP5 Tsunamis. Convener: V. Titov, USA, Co-convener: S. Tinti, Italy
JP6 Acoustical Oceanography. Convener: Silvia Blanc, Argentina

Joint symposia Co-convened by IAPSO (only IAPSO Co-conveners are reported):
JC1 Sea Ice in the Arctic and Southern Oceans. Co-conveners: G. Bjork, Sweden, A. Marchenko, Norway
JM1 Earth Systems Dynamics, Predictability and Probabilistic Forecasting. Co-convener: G. Swaters, Canada
JM2 Climate Variability and Earth Systems Modelling. Co-conveners: R. Marsh, U.K., S. Xie, USA, B. Qiu, USA
JM4 Data Assimilation in Geophysical Sciences. Co-conveners: K. Belyaev, Russia, L. Bertino, Norway, I. Fenty, USA
JS6 Array Techniques for Monitoring the State of the Earth. Co-conveners: Silvia Blanc, Argentina, S. Shenoi, India
JV3 Geophysical Imaging and Monitoring of Volcanoes. Co-convener: B. Levin, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia

The planning for the Assembly in 2017 has started. It will take place in Cape Town, South Africa. This will be a joint assembly with the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA) and International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS)

Working groups
SCOR is an important partner of IAPSO, and IAPSO co-finances SCOR working groups of relevance to IAPSO. In 2014 the IAPSO President E. Morozov and SG J. Rodhe participated in the SCOR meeting in Bremen (Germany). The SCOR meetings review the progress of current SCOR working groups, evaluate proposed new WGs, and decide which of them will be funded. A number of international SCOR-related scientific programs were discussed. Details can be found at the SCOR website (www.scor-int.org). IAPSO decided to support financially WG “Chemical Speciation Modelling in Seawater to Meet 21st Century Needs (MARCHEMSPEC)”. The work of this joint SCOR/IAPSO WG will be an important part of the IAPSO activity.
Working groups are usually formed of not more than 10 scientists from different countries to deliberate on a narrowly focused topic and report their work in a peer-reviewed publication, book, manual, or database. Working groups are expected to complete their tasks in 4 years or less. Information about SCOR activity and WGs is at the IAPSO webpage.

IAPSO Commissions and Services:
Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides (CMSLT), hosted by the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, UK. President: Simon Holgate. Website: http://www.psmsl.org/
Joint Committee on the Properties of Seawater, JCS (with SCOR and IAPWS)
Chair: Prof. Rich Pawlowicz, website: www.teos-10.org
Tsunami Commission (Joint with IASPEI and IVACEI). Chair: Dr. Vasily V. Titov. Website: www.iaspei.org/commissions/JCT.html
GeoRisk Commission (Joint with IAMAS, IAHS, IASPEI and IAVCEI). Website: www.iugg-georisk.org/
Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, hosted by Proudman Oceanographic Labora-tory, UK. Contact: Dr. Lesley Richard. Website: www.pol.ac.uk/psmsl/
IAPSO Standard Seawater Service, hosted by OSIL, Havant, Hampshire, UK. Director: Paul, Ridout; Website Website www.osil.co.uk
The working groups commissions and services report to IAPSO. These reports are posted on the IAPSO website http://iapso.iugg.org/working-groups

Prince Albert 1 Medal
IAPSO and Monaco Royal Family established the Prince Albert I Medal for excellence in physical and/or chemical oceanography in honour Prince Albert I. The precursor of IAPSO was established in 1919 thanks to the vision and passion for the oceans of His Most Serene Highness Prince Albert I of Monaco. He became the first President.
The year before the biennial assemblies, IAPSO selects a winner of the Prince Albert I Medal.
Professor Toshio Yamagata from the Institute for Global Change Research, Tokyo (Japan) was the winner in 2014 in recognition of his fundamental contributions to our knowledge of the ocean physics. The medal will be awarded to him at the IUGG2015 General assembly in Prague, and he will present a memorial lecture.
Eugene LaFond Medal
This Medal, created in honour of Eugene LaFond who was a former SG of IAPSO, is awarded to a scientist from a developing world country for a paper presented at an IAPSO Assembly.

Members of IAPSO Executive Committee (EC) for 2011-2015:
President: Dr. Eugene Morozov (Russia) Secretary General: Prof. Johan Rodhe (Sweden) Past President: Prof. Lawrence Mysak (Canada) Treasurer: Dr. Fred Camfield (USA) Vice President: Dr. Isabelle Ansorge (South Africa) Dr. Denise Smythe-Wright (UK) EC Members: M.Sc. Silvia Blanc (Argentina) Prof. Toshiyuki Hibiya (Japan) Dr. Chris Meinen (USA) M.App.Sc. Ken Ridgway (Australia) Dr. Satheesh Shenoi (India) Dr. Stefania Sparnocchia (Italy)


2013 IAPSO Activities

Introduction
IAPSO has the prime goal of "promoting the study of scientific problems relating to the oceans and the interactions taking places at the sea floor, coastal, and atmospheric boundaries insofar as such research is conducted by the use of mathematics, physics, and chemistry." IAPSO works mainly through 1) biennial scientific assemblies; 2) working groups; 3) commissions; 4) services and 5) website information. Of special importance to IAPSO is to involve scientists and students from developing countries in the oceanographic activities.
IAPSO maintains formal liaison with other scientific commissions and committees. These include the ICSU's Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), and UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). For more information see http://iapso.iugg.org/.

Administration
The IAPSO office has been situated at Gothenburg University, Sweden since July 2007, and the day-to-day business has been managed by the Secretary General (SG) Johan Rodhe, Sweden. The Bureau of IAPSO comprises of the President, Eugene Morozov, Russia, the Past President, Lawrence Mysak, Canada, the SG, Johan Rodhe, and the Treasurer, Fred Camfield, USA. The SG has been responsible for the IAPSO website.
In 2013, there were three IAPSO business meetings and meeting of the EC during the Assembly in Gothenburg. The other IAPSO discussions were maintained by means of e-mail communication. It was decided to join IAMAS and IAGA for an assembly in Cape Town 2017.

Activities
Three of IUGG’s constituent Associations, IAHS, IAPSO and IASPEI, met for a Joint Scientific Assembly in Gothenburg, Sweden, during the week 22 – 26 July 2013. The title of the Assembly, “Knowledge for the Future”, was chosen in order to highlight the importance of improved knowledge in hydrology, oceanography and seismology in addressing the challenges posed by climate change and the risks of natural disaster events. The Assembly attracted 1087 1321 participants from 66 different countries. More than 300About 320 registered as IAPSO scientists. 49 scientists, most of them young and from developing countries, got grants, one or more of registration fee, on site costs and travel.

The Assembly’s opening day was marked by a joint plenary session with a lecture from each Association:

•    James Mori (Japan), the plenary lecturer for IASPEI described the ambitious JFAST expedition, which aimed to study the causes of the major earthquake that caused the 2011 tsunami. The expedition set new records, drilling over 800 metres into the seafloor at a water depth of 8000 metres.

•    Kathryn Kelly (United States), the plenary lecturer for IAPSO, focused on meridional heat transport in the Atlantic Ocean, a key component of the global climate system. She combined different data sources to review the heat budget and anomalies in the heat transport, indicating a southern source for the anomalies.

•    Kuniyoshi Takeuchi (Japan), the plenary lecturer for IAHS, emphasized the key role for geosciences in a proactive approach to disaster risk reduction. He warned that disasters occur when we ignore nature and the lessons of the past, leading to the take-home message “there is no such thing as a natural disaster”.

Each Association offered a broad programme of lectures and posters, with up to 11 parallel sessions at any one time. The lecture programme was organized into 48 Association symposia (11 IAPSO), together with 9 joint symposia focusing on areas such as land-ocean interactions, advanced applied statistics, and tsunamis. 2 of the joint symposia were organized by IAPSO and the rest were co-sponsored by IAPSO.  This programme was complemented by two afternoon poster sessions. Some highlights from the Association’s programmes:

•    IASPEI’s Milne lecture on the history of British seismology was delivered by Roger Musson (United Kingdom). This was followed by a documentary film on the life of John Milne, the English scientist who played a leading role development of seismology as a scientific discipline. Dr. Robin Adams was awarded the first IASPEI Medal, for sustaining IASPEI goals and activities and for scientific merits.

•    The highlight of the IAPSO programme was the presentation of the Albert I Medal. The medal was presented to Albert L. Gordon (United States), who then delivered the Albert I Memorial Lecture describing his research on the Indonesian Throughflow, the link between the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

•    Deltas were a significant focus of the IAHS programme, including a plenary lecture by Efi Foufoula-Georgiou (United States) where she described an international initiative to develop and deliver the knowledge base for understanding and protecting these vulnerable coastal systems. Several prizes and medals were awarded during the week.

In September Vice President Denise Smythe-Wright and SG Johan Rodhe participated in the IUGG EC meeting and the SPC meeting (JR only) In Prague. Most important were the planning of the IUGG General Assembly 2015 in Prague.

Denise Smythe-Wright also participated in the SCOR EC Meeting 25-28 November in New Zealand. The SCOR meetings review the progress of current SCOR Working Groups, evaluate proposed new WGs, and decide which to fund. A number of international SCOR-related scientific programmes were also discussed. Details can be found at the SCOR website (www.scor-int.org). Two new SCOR WGs, out of 11 proposals, were approved: WG 143 Dissolved N2O and CH4 measurements: Working towards a global network of ocean time series measurements of N2O and CH4 and WG 144 Microbial Community Responses to Ocean Deoxygenation.  These two new WGs got an “intellectual support” from IAPSO.

Working groups
Information about SCOR activity and WGs is at the IAPSO webpage.
The following SCOR/IAPSO working groups (WGs), which have received funding from IAPSO, have been active during the last years and have published important books and/or special journal issues:
SCOR/IAPSO WG 127 “The Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater” (Chaired by T.J. McDougall) was reorganized into a special IACS-IAPSO Commission on Seawater.
SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO WG 136 (Co-chaired by L. Beal and A. Biastock): “The Climatic Implications of the Greater Agulhas System” continued their activity.

IAPSO Commissions and Services:

A Joint Committee on the Properties of Seawater, JCS (with SCOR and IAPWS) was formed during 2013. This was a result of the work within WG 127. Chair: Prof. Rich Pawlowicz, Vice Chair: Prof. Trevor McDougall and Vice Chair:  Dr. Rainer Feistel.
Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides (CMSLT), President: Gary T. Mitchum. Website: www.psmsl.org/
Tsunami Commission (Joint with IASPEI and IVACEI). Chair: Dr. Vasily V. Titov. Website: www.iaspei.org/commissions/JCT.html GeoRisk Commission (Joint with IAMAS, IAHS, IASPEI and IAVCEI). Website: www.iugg-georisk.org/
Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, hosted by Proudman Oceanographic Labora-tory, UK. Contact: Dr. Lesley Richard. Website: www. www.psmsl.org/
IAPSO Standard Seawater Service, hosted by OSIL, Havant, Hampshire, UK. Director: Paul, Ridout; Website Website www.osil.co.uk

The working groups commissions and services report to IAPSO. These reports are posted on the IAPSO website http://iapso.iugg.org/working-groups

Prince Albert I Medal
IAPSO and Monaco Royal Family established the Prince Albert I Medal for excellence in physical and/or chemical oceanography. The winner is selected every two years and the ceremony is held during the Assemblies. Professor Arnold L. Gordon from Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, USA was selected in 2013 as the winner of the Prize for “his outstanding work on ocean dynamics". During the Assembly in Gothenburg he was awarded with the medal and presented a memorial lecture on the currents in the Indonesian straits (Indonesia throughflow). The Lecture can be downloaded from the IAPSO website.

Eugene LaFond Medal
This Medal, created in honour of Eugene LaFond who was a former SG of IAPSO, is awarded to a scientist from a developing world country for an oral or poster presented at an IAPSO Assembly. IAPSO forms a special commission to select the winner. In 2013, the medal was awarded to Issufo Halo, a student of the Cape Town University, originally from Mozambique.  for his talk titled “Eddy Properties in the Mozambique Channel: a comparison between Satellite altimetry observations and two numerical Ocean circulation models”.

Members of IAPSO Executive Committee (EC) for 2011-2015:
President: Dr. Eugene Morozov (Russia) Secretary General: Prof. Johan Rodhe (Sweden) Past President: Prof. Lawrence Mysak (Canada) Treasurer: Dr. Fred Camfield (USA) Vice President: Dr. Isabelle Ansorge (South Africa) Dr. Denise Smythe-Wright (UK) EC Members: M.Sc. Silvia Blanc (Argentina) Prof. Toshiyuki Hibiya (Japan) Dr. Chris Meinen (USA) M.App.Sc. Ken Ridgway (Australia) Dr. Satheesh Shenoi (India) Dr. Stefania Sparnocchia (Italy)


2012 IAPSO Activities


The main activity of the Bureau and the EC was the planning of the Joint IAHS-IAPSO-IASPEI Assembly “Knowledge for the Future” that will be held 22-26 July 2013 in Gothenburg, Sweden. The Local Organization Committee (LOC) regularly met with Professor David Turner in the chair. He is Dean of the Faculty of Science, Gothenburg University. Professor Leif Andersson, Gothenburg University and the Royal Academy of Sciences, is chairing the Scientific Programme Committee (SPC) and is member of LOC. IAHS SG Christophe Cudennec, IAPSO SG Johan Rodhe and IASPEI SG Peter Suhadolc are the other members of SPC. Johan Rodhe was co-opted to the LOC meetings. Assembly website: http://iahs-iapso-iaspei2013.com/. Congrex is the official congress organizer. 11 IAPSO-only symposia and 8 joint symposia were organised. Expected number of participants is 1000 – 1500. (At submission deadline, 4 February 2013, about 1600 abstracts where submitted.)

In November Johan Rodhe and IAGA SG Mioara Mandea were invited to a IAMAS Bureau meeting in Paris to discuss a possible IAGA-IAMAS-IAPSO Joint Assembly in 2017. Isabelle Ansorge (IAPSO Vice President and IUGG EC Member) was invited to present Cape Town as a possible venue. It was decided ask the respective EC for approval of such a Joint Assembly. (In January 2013 this was approved. An Association-joint call for Letter of Intent to arrange such an Assembly has now been sent to all National Correspondents. This is to ensure that the choice of venue should be an open process.

Future activities of IAPSO
The main activity in 2013 is the IAHS-IAPSO-IASPEI Joint Assembly in Gothenburg 22-26 July 2103. This is discussed under “Activities”. The main activity after that is the related to the IUGG General Assembly 2015 in Prague and the Association Assembly in 2017. This is also discussed under “Activities”. The main activities outside the assemblies are the work within the SCOR/IAPSO woking groups. No WGs are funded beyond 2012. The next call for WG proposals is out and will be discussed at the SCOR meeting in New Zealand, November 2013.
Working groups
The IAPSO SG and Vice-President attended the annual meeting of the SCOR in Halifax in October 2012. The SCOR meetings review the progress of current SCOR Working Groups (WG), evaluate proposed new WGs, and decide which to fund. A number of international SCOR-related scientific programmes were also discussed. Details can be found at the SCOR website (www.scor-int.org). Two new SCOR WGs, out of 7 proposals, were approved: WG 141 on Sea-Surface Microlayers and WG 142 on Quality Control Procedures for Oxygen and Other Biogeochemical Sensors on Floats and Gliders.  These two new WGs got an “intellectual support” from IAPSO.

The work within the joint SCOR/IAPSO WGs is an important part of the IAPSO activity, see the IAPSO webpage. A WG is usually formed of not more than 10 members from different countries to deliberate on a narrowly focused topic followed by a report in a peer-reviewed publication or a book, a manual, a database etc.. WGs are expected to complete their tasks in 4 years or less.

The following SCOR WGs, which have received funding also from IAPSO, have been active during this period, and have published important books and/or special journal issues:
SCOR/IAPSO WG 127 “The Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater” (Chaired by T.J. McDougall) had finished its tasks and was reorganized into a Joint SCOR/IAPSO/IAPWS Committee on the Properties of Seawater.
SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO WG 136 (Co-chaired by L. Beal and A. Biastock): “The Climatic Implications of the Greater Agulhas System” organized a conference on ”The Agulhas system and its role in changing Ocean Circulation, Climate, and Marine Ecosystems. It was held in Stellenbosch, South Africa, 8-12 October 2012. The conference generated a great deal of excitement among participants, particularly among regional scientists, some of whom had not previously attended an international conference. The conference attracted 108 participants from 20 different countries. 35 came from seven different African countries and 27 were PhD students. They covered the fields of ocean and climate modelling, physical and biological oceanography, marine ecology, paleoceanography, meteorology, and marine and terrestrial paleoclimatology. USD 17000 IUGG Grant money was used for inviting participants.

The working groups, commissions and services report to IAPSO. These reports are posted on the IAPSO website http://iapso.iugg.org/working-groups



2011 IAPSO Activities

IAPSO participated in the IUGG GA 2011 in Melbourne, Australia. Twelve IAPSO-only symposia and 3 joint symposia were organised by IAPSO.. IAPSO organized 7 association-specific symposia, and led the organization of 3 association-joint symposia and 1 union symposium. A total of 476 submitted abstracts were accepted for oral or poster presentations in these symposia. IAPSO also co-sponsored 19 symposia led by other associations, to which about 800 abstracts were submitted.

323 delegates registered as IAPSO participants. Among them 20, mainly scientists from developing countries, received travel grants. The registration fee was paid for additional 10 participants. The number of IAPSO participants was thus about the same as at the joint assembly in Montreal 2009 and somewhat higher than was encountered in Perugia 2007. The new EC expects that even more IAPSO delegates will attend the IAHS/IAPSO/IASPEI Assembly in Gothenburg in 2013.

The following SCOR working groups (WGs), which have received funding from IAPSO, have been active during this period and have published important books and/or special journal issues:

SCOR/IAPSO WG 127 (Chaired by T.J. McDougall): “The Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater”.  This WG has now completed their extensive work, which involved the introduction of the Gibbs potential function for seawater and a new salinity formulation called Reference Salinity (SR), expressed in g/kg. The new formulation for the thermodynamics of sea water is published as: IOC, SCOR and IAPSO, 2010: The international thermodynamic equation of seawater – 2010: Calculation and use of thermodynamic properties.  Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Manuals and Guides No. 56, UNESCO (English), 196 pp. It is also available electronically from http://www.TEOS-10.org.  Wg website:  http://www.scor-int.org/Working_Groups/wg127.htm

SCOR/IAPSO WG 133 (Co-chaired by T. Rossby and K. Kim): “OceanScope”.  This WG held its second meeting in London 12-14 April 2010, and is currently writing up a public document outlining the work plan for this ocean measurement program. Webbsite: http://www.scor-int.org/Working_Groups/wg133.htm

SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO WG 136 (Co-chaired by L. Beal and A. Biastock): “The Climatic Implications of the Greater Agulhas System”.  The WG conducted their second meeting in May 2011, joining with a meeting and capacity building workshop in Mauritius. A grant from IUGG was helpful.  Publication: “On the role of the Agulhas system in ocean circulation and climate. Nature, vol 472, 28 April, 2011. 
Website http://www.scor-int.org/Working_Groups/wg136.htm

IAPSO Commissions and Services:

Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides (CMSLT), hosted by the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, UK. President: Gary T. Mitchum, Vice President: Simon Holgate. Website: http://www.psmsl.org/

An IAPSO co-sponsored publication related to the above Commission: Sea-Level Rise and Variability. Edited by John A. Church, Philip L. Woodworth, Thorkild Aarup & W. Stanley Wilson. 2010. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Old publication from 1931 and onwards are now available at the IAPSO website http://iapso.iugg.org/home-iapso/publications

Tsunami Commission (Joint with IASPEI and IVACEI).  Chair: Dr. Vasily V. Titov. Website: www.iaspei.org/commissions/JCT.html 

GeoRisk Commission (Joint with IAMAS, IAHS, IASPEI and IAVCEI). Website: www.iugg-georisk.org/

Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, hosted by Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, UK. Contact: Dr. Lesley Richard. Website: www.pol.ac.uk/psmsl/

IAPSO Standard Seawater Service, hosted by OSIL, Havant, Hampshire, UK. Director: Paul, Ridout; Website Website www.osil.co.uk

The working groups commissions and services report to IAPSO. These reports are posted on the IAPSO website http://iapso.iugg.org/working-groups

Prince Albert 1 Medal

In connection with the assemblies IAPSO selects a winner of the Prince Albert I Medal for excellence in physical and/or chemical oceanography. Dr. Trevor McDougall from CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart, Australia was presented the Medal in Melbourne 2011 for “his outstanding work on (1) important and fundamental problems of ocean fluid dynamics over the full range of ocean scales, and (2) the thermodynamic properties of seawater". 

Eugene LaFond Medal

This Medal, created in honour of Eugene LaFond who was a former SG of IAPSO, is awarded to a scientist from a developing world country for a paper, Oral or poster) presented at an IAPSO Assembly.  In 2011 this Medal was awarded to Towhida Rashid from Bangladesh for her presentation about the sea level change in the Holocene.

4. Planned and future activities

The planning for the Joint (IAHS, IAPSO and IASPEI) Assembly in Gothenburg, Sweden, 22-26 July 2013 is under way. The Local Organization Committee (LOC) met four times during 2011 with Professor David Turner in the chair. He is Dean of the Faculty of Science, Gothenburg University. Professor Leif Andersson, Gothenburg University and the Royal Academy of Sciences, is chairing the Science Programme Committee (SPC) and is member of LOC. IAHS SG Christophe Cudennec, IAPSO SG Johan Rodhe and IASPEI SG Peter Suhadolc are the other members of SPC. Johan Rodhe was co-opted to the LOC meetings, and the other SsG were kept in contact  using e-mail. PO for the assembly is. Assembly website: http://iahs-iapso-iaspei2013.com/. Congrex is the official congress organizer.

SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO WG is arranging a Chapman conference in October 2012 in Stellenbosch, South Africa: The Agulhas system and its role in changing ocean circulation, climate, and Marine Ecosystems.



2010 IAPSO Activities

The IAPSO activities during 2010 were within the working groups. The SCOR/IAPSO WG 127 (The Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater) completed their extensive work, which involved the introduction of the Gibbs potential function for seawater and a new salinity formulation called Reference Salinity (SR), expressed in g/kg. The Gibbs function makes it possible to obtain accurate representations of many thermodynamic properties of seawater (e.g., density, enthalpy, entropy, heat capacity, and sound speed). The Reference Salinity more accurately represents the chemical composition of seawater over a wide range on concentrations, and it replaces the familiar Practical Salinity (SP), which has been used by the oceanographic community for the past 30 years.  However, we note that Practical Salinity will continue to be recorded in national and international data bases to maintain continuity with past practice. The new formulation for the thermodynamics of sea water is now published as: IOC, SCOR and IAPSO, 2010: The International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater – 2010: Calculation and use of Thermodynamic Properties.  Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Manuals and Guides No. 56, UNESCO (English), 196 pp. It is also available electronically from http://www.TEOS-10.org.  This WG was chaired by Trevor McDougall (Australia).

SCOR/IAPSO WG 133 (Ocean Scope) held its second meeting in London 12-14 April 2010. The WG is chaired by Tom Rossby (USA) and Kuh Kim (Korea).

SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO WG: The Climatic Implications of the Greater Agulhas System held its first meeting  20 – 21 February 2010 in Portland, Oregon, USA. This WG is chaired by Lisa Beal (USA) and Arne Biastoch (Germany).

A IAPSO co-sponsored publication: Sea-Level Rise and Variability. Edited by John A. Church, Philip L. Woodworth, Thorkild Aarup & W. Stanley Wilson. 2010. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Four prominent scientists were nominated for the Prince Albert Medal for 2011. Trevor McDougall (CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart, Australia) was selected for “his outstanding work on (1) important and fundamental problems of ocean fluid dynamics over the full range of ocean scales, and (2) the thermodynamic properties of seawater". The award ceremony will take place at the IUGG2011 General Assembly in Melbourne, 1 July, at 10:30.

 

Planned future activities/announcements
The main activity in 2011 will be the IUGG General Assembly in Melbourne.

The SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO WG Climatic importance of the Greater Agulhas System will meet  21-25, March Mauritius. Then theme is “Towards an Observing System for the Greater Agulhas System: Building links and capacity for East African participation” IUGG sponsors student participation in this workshop.



2009 IAPSO Activities

The main activity during 2009 was the MOCA-09 Joint Assembly in Montreal, July 2009 together with IAMAS and IACS. Some 1350 scientists from over 50 countries could choose among 53 symposia (sessions), consisting of 21 joint, 10 sponsored by IAPSO, 18 by IAMAS, and 5 by IACS. The theme of the conference was “Our Warming Planet”, but of course all high-quality presentations within the three associations’ subject fields were welcome.  The total number of presentations came close to 2000.
The new SCOR/IAPSO WG 133 OceanScope held the first meeting during three days before MOCA-09. Also the SCOR/IAPSO WG 129 Deep Ocean Exchanges with the Shelf (DOES) met during MOCA-09. In addition, DOES sponsored one symposium at MOCA-09. IAPSO provided some financial support both for the new working group OceanScope (via SCOR) and for the attendance of members of the DOES WG (provided directly from IUGG/IAPSO to two WG members).
During the Assembly IAPSO awards were presented and decided upon. Professor Harry L. Bryden FRS, University of Southampton, UK, was awarded the 2009 Prince Albert I Medal of IAPSO, "...in recognition of his fundamental contributions to understanding the ocean's role in the global climate system." The ceremony was followed by the Prince Albert I Medal Memorial Lecture by the awardee, entitled “Monitoring the Variability in he Circulation of the North Atlantic Ocean”. Dr. Bamol A. Sow of Senegal was selected to receive the 2009 Eugene LaFond Medal, which is awarded to an early career ocean scientist from a developing world country who presents an excellent paper on oceanography at an IAPSO or jointly sponsored IAPSO symposium. The title of his oral presentation at MOCA-09 was "Simulation of the Senegalese and Mauritanian Upwelling: How are the Winds actually Driving SST Variability and Water Mass Renewal?” He made his presentation at the DOES symposium mentioned above. Dr Sow was also invited to attend one of the WG meetings as a representative from developing countries.

Planned future activities/announcements
2010 is a year in between assemblies. The main activity is thus related to the planning of the symposia to be held during the IUGG2011 General Assembly in Melbourne. Also the planning of the Assembly in Gothenburg, Sweden, July 2011, which will be arranged jointly with IAHS and IASPEI will take time during 2010.
The new SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO WG Climatic importance of the Greater Agulhas System will have the first meeting 20-21 February 2010, Portland, Oregon, USA, and the SCOR/IAPSO WG OceanScope will have a meeting 12-14 April in London, UK.
Winner of the Prince Albert I Medal 2011 will be elected after a call for nomination in June 2010.

 



2008 IAPSO Activities

2008 was “a year in between Association Assemblies” and most of the administrative effort was related to the planning of the MOCA-09 Joint Assembly in Montreal, July 2009. This Assembly is joint with IAMAS ans IACS, see the MOCA-09 website http://www.moca-09.org/index.asp.
The SCOR/IAPSO WG 129 Deep Ocean Exchange with the Shelf (DOES) arranged a workshop in Cape Town from 6 to 9 October. 45 scientists from 18 countries attended the workshop, including several oceanographers from African countries.
19 to 24 October the President and the Secretary General participated in the SCOR 50th Anniversary Conference in Woods Hole, MA USA, and the SCOR annual meeting that followed the Conference.
The SCOR/IAPSO Working Group 127 Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater has completed much of its work. The new thermodynamic description of seawater is now out for comment from the oceanographic community.
A SCOPE/SCOR/IAPSO publication “Watersheds, Bays, and Bounded Seas was published. The former IAPSO President, Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli, was one of the editors.
Professor Harry L. Bryden FRS, University of Southampton, UK, has been awarded the 2009 Prince Albert I Medal of IAPSO, "...in recognition of his fundamental contributions to understanding the ocean's role in the global climate system."


Planned future activities/announcements
The main activity is the IAMAS-IAPSO-IACS Joint Assembly in Montreal, Canada, to be held July 20-24 (IAMAS 20-29) 2009. During the Assembly the Prince Albert I Medal will be presented to Professor Bryden whereupon he will give the Albert I Memorial Lecture.
At the Assembly there will be two IAPSO EC meetings and one GBM of IAPSO for all National Correspondents.  In addition, the Lafond Medal will be awarded to a developing country scientist.
The new SCOR/IAPSO WG OceanScope will have a first meeting in connection with the MOCA-09 Joint Assembly.

 


 

2007 IAPSO Activities

The principal activity during the year was the participation in the General IUGG Assembly in Perugia, Italy, July 2-17. There were over 4000 participants from the different associations represented in IUGG at the Assembly in Perugia. Almost 300 were registered as IAPSO participants. Some 40 of these (mainly from developing countries) got travel grants.

During the Assembly there were 12 IAPSO symposia to which 343 abstracts were submitted. IAPSO lead 3 joint symposia, which attracted 141 abstracts. IAPSO also cosponsored 21 symposia to which 776 abstracts were submitted.

An IAPSO highlight during the assembly was the Prince Albert I lecture "From Swallow floats to autonomous observing networks" given by Prof. Russ Davis, Scripps Insitution of Oceanography, who was awarded the Prince Albert I Medal in connection with the lecture.

IAPSO also awards a second medal, the Eugene Lafond Medal, to a developing world scientist who presents a notable paper at an IAPSO symposium. Following a review of the nominations for this award after the Perugia meeting, the IAPSO EC decided to present this medal to Dr. Catia Motta Domingues from Brazil, for her talk entitled "Towards more accurate estimates of the thermosteric sea level rise" in the IAG/IAPSO symposium "Global sea-level change: Altimetry, GNSS and tide gauge measurements".

A new IAPSO Executive Committee was elected by the national IAPSO delegates at the General Business Meeting (GMB) in Perugia. They also decided to sanction some changes of the IAPSO Statues and By-Laws.

At the GBM also a detailed report on the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) was presented by Philip Woodworth (on behalf of himself and Lesley Rickards). This report is available on the Proudman Laboratory website. During the past year the PSMSL made important contributions to the Fourth Assessment Report (4AR) of IPCC 2007, and also to the WCRP workshop on Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability, held at UNESCO in Paris in June 2007.

A brief report was given by Trevor McDougall (from Hobart, Australia) on IAPSO/SCOR WG 121 on Ocean Mixing, which has been chaired by Robin Muench (USA). Trevor McDougall also made a presentation on the work of SCOR/IAPSO WG 127 on the Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater.

The first meeting of SCOR/IAPSO WG 129 (DOES -- Deep Ocean Exchanges with the Shelf), co-chaired by John Johnson (UK) and Piers Chapman (USA), was held at the IUGG Assembly in Perugia.

The (Canadian) National Organizing Committee (NOC) for the 2009 Joint Assembly in Montreal came to Perugia and met on July 9 with Executive Members of the three associations (IAMAS, IAPSO, IACS) to discuss important issues that need to be resolved for a successful meeting (e.g., scientific program, accommodation, abstract submission, registration, venue for the conference, etc.).

The IAPSO President and Secretary General, participated in the Annual SCORE meeting in Bergen, Norway, 26-28 August 2007. The state of the working groups was discussed. Some of them are arranged together with IAPSO. New WG:s were discussed, for more information see the SCOR website http://www.scor-int.org.

November 22-24 the IAPSO President and SG met with the National Organizing Committee (NOC) for the 2009 Joint Assembly in Montreal together with the SG of IAMAS and the President of IACS. The localities were inspected and found to be well suited for the meeting. Also, the symposia were outlined together with a time schedule for the planning process before the Assembly.

Finally a pamphlet presenting IAPSO was produced in December 2007. This was introduced and spread at the AGU meeting in San Francisco in December and will be sent to the National Correspondents.

The IAPSO website has now been moved to the new Secretary General Johan Rodhe in Sweden (http://iapso.sweweb.net).

 


 

2006 IAPSO Activities

IAPSO's Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides, and the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, co-sponsored the Workshop, "Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability," held in Paris, France, in June, 2006. The Workshop was organized by the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) and hosted by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO. 163 scientists from 29 countries attended the workshop bringing together all relevant scientific expertise with a view towards identifying the uncertainties associated with past and future sea level rise and variability, as well as the research and observational activities needed for narrowing these uncertainties. The WCRP issued a summary report of the workshop.

The IAPSO Standard Seawater Service continued its operations under an agreement between IAPSO and Ocean Science International, Ltd. (OSIL).

IAPSO continued its joint activities with ICSU's Scientific Committee for Oceanic Research (SCOR). A new Working Group on Deep Ocean Exchange with the Shelf was organized, and was approved by SCOR as SCOR/IAPSO Working Group WG129. They will hold a working group meeting in conjunction with IUGG2007. Activities of other working groups continued. IAPSO/SCOR Working Group WG121, "Ocean Mixing," and SCOR/IAPSO WG127, "Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater," will also hold meetings during 2007. The IAPSO Executive Committee reviewed proposals for other new Working Groups.

Several of IAPSO's activities underpin the climate projections of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the fourth report of which was issued in 2007. IAPSO's support of work on sea level is an obvious contribution. Without the activities of the Standard Seawater Service, IPCC would be unable to infer changes in precipitation over the oceans. The outcomes of Working Groups on Ocean Mixing and on the Equation of State of Seawater are likely to influence the climate models used in IPCC's 5th assessment due in 2014.

Planning continued for symposia to be held at the IUGG2007 General Assembly in July 2007. Final summaries were prepared on proposed symposia content, and convenors were identified. The symposia were listed on the IUGG2007 Web page and a proposed schedule was prepared. A call for papers was distributed to oceanographers worldwide.

Additional revisions were prepared to the IAPSO Statutes and By-Laws incorporating comments and suggestions received by representatives of the Adhering Bodies at the IAPSO business meeting in Cairns, Australia, in 2005. The revisions were transmitted to the IAPSO representatives of the Adhering Bodies for final approval, and formal adoption will be an agenda item at IAPSO's 2007 business meeting.

A call for nominations for the IAPSO Executive Committee was sent out to the Adhering Bodies. Some emphasis was placed on obtaining additional participation from developing countries, and nominations for new members include nominations received from Adhering Bodies in Turkey, Chile, South Africa, and Argentina. The Nominations Committee will prepare a formal slate of candidates for the election to be held in 2007.

A general call for nominations was sent out for the Prince Albert I Medal. The Awards Committee was identifying a recipient of the medal to be awarded during IUGG2007.

The IAPSO Secretariat continued maintenance of the Web page, and handled general correspondence.

 


 

2005 IAPSO Activities

During 2005, IAPSO's main activity was the Joint IAG/IAPSO/IABO Assembly in Cairns, Australia. IAPSO participated in 17 symposia including 7 IAPSO only, 7 Joint IAPSO/IABO, and 3 Joint IAG/IAPSO symposia. The Joint Assembly drew a total of 724 delegates from 62 Countries. IAPSO presented a best student poster award and the Eugene LaFond Medal for oceanography in a developing country, as well as the biannual Prince Albert I Medal for career achievements in oceanography.

In addition to two IAPSO Executive Committee meetings, IAPSO held a general business meeting of representatives from adhering bodies during the Joint Assembly in Cairns. That was a productive meeting providing input/discussion from the adhering bodies. While proposed changes to the IAPSO Statutes and By-Laws had been given tentative approval by a majority of members, two additional issues were raised for consideration. A decision was made to hold general business meetings at all IAPSO Assemblies or Joint Assemblies held during interim periods between IUGG General Assemblies.

Initial planning was carried out for the IAPSO Scientific Program at the IUGG2007 General Assembly, including input from IAG, IAMAS, and UCCS. IAPSO was represented by its President and Past-President at the IUGG Scientific Program Committee meeting in Perugia, Italy, in September. That planning continued into early 2007 via email, and input was added where appropriate to other IUGG Associations.

Work of the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) and the associated IAPSO Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides continued during 2005. A report on the complete activities of PSMSL was received. One significant activity was the planning, in cooperation with other organizations, of the upcoming WCRP Workshop, "Understanding Sea Level Rise and Variability," scheduled to be held during the summer 2006 in Paris, France. IAPSO is serving as a co-sponsor of the workshop.

Interaction between IAPSO and ICSU's Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) continued. IAPSO had introduced a proposal for a new working group, and that was approved by SCOR as Working Group WG127 on Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater. This work is expected to provide important input into modeling of the global ocean and, ultimately, climate change modeling. The IAPSO President, or his alternate, serves as an ex-officio member of the SCOR Executive Committee.

In other ICSU related actions, IAPSO participated with SCOPE on a proposal to ICSU for PACKMEDS which was funded.

In administrative actions, the IAPSO Executive Committee approved holding a Joint Assembly with IAMAS in 2009 in Montreal, Canada. The IAPSO Executive Committee also approved discontinuing the Commission on Groundwater-Seawater Interaction (CGSI) with a recommendation to CGSI that they continue activities in a different organizational format.

The IAPSO Secretary General continued maintenance of the Web page including posting the program book from the 2005 Joint Assembly on the Web page; and continued handling general correspondence received by the Association.

 



2004 IAPSO Activities

During 2004, IAPSO had two major activies. The first of these was the IAPSO/SCOR Conference on Ocean Mixing held in Victoria, British Columbia on 11 - 14 October 2004. There were more than 120 conferees representing 14 countries. There were 29 oral presentations and 76 poster presentations. There were a significant number of conclusions and recommendations, and various concerns were raised. A full report is posted on the page for Commissions and Permanent Services. There are plans to publish a proceedings volume in a special "Ocean Mixing" issue of Deep- Sea Research Part 2. A Symposium at the 2007 IUGG General Assembly is proposed, and a future follow-up conference is being considered.

The second major activity was the International Workshop on Forecasting & Data Assimilation in the Benguela and Comparable Systems held on 8 - 11 November 2004 in Cape Town, South Africa. There were over 100 invited participants in the workshop including 35 from overseas and 25 from neighboring African countries. An important objective of the workshop the development of a strong base for an effective and affordable forecasting capability for the Southeast Atlantic within the global network. The summary assessment was that we ARE now ready to design an operational system for forecasting in the Benguela. One of the output products from the Workshop will be a peer-reviewed book entitled, "The Benguela: Predicting a Large Marine Ecosystem," to be published in 2005 by Elsevier.

Other activities included planning for the August 2005 IAG/IAPSO/IABO Joint Assembly in Cairns, Australia. The Indian Ocean Tsunami in December 2004 led to an initiative to add a special session to the Assembly. Information on IAPSO, and on the 2005 Joint Assembly, was distributed at the AGU Ocean Sciences meeting in January and the AGU Fall meeting in December. IAPSO also co-sponsored a symposium at the COSPAR meeting held in 2004.

The Commission on Groundwater-Seawater Interaction (CGSI) continued to be sponsored by IAPSO during 2004. The CGSI held a business meeting and workshop in Monaco, and has sponsored ongoing intiatives the Philippines and Thailand. Other work is proposed by the CGSI in Brazil, Italy, and Mauritius. Work of other Commissions and Premanent Services continued, including the Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level. There is an ongoing restructuring of the Commission on Sea Level and Tides.

A final document on the future of IAPSO was distributed. A proposed revision to the IAPSO Statutes and By-Laws was distributed to the IAPSO National Correspondent for approval by a mail ballot. The decision on the revision is pending as approval has not yet been received from a majority of the member countries. A major consideration is the proposed separation of the Treasurer and Secretary General duties.

The Secretariat continued maintenance of the Web page, general correspondence, and distribution of information. The IAPSO President and Secretary General attended the IUGG Executive Committee meeting in Boulder, Colorado.

 



2003 IAPSO Activities

The main activity of IAPSO in 2003 was participation in the IUGG General Assembly in Sapporo, Japan. IAPSO convened 6 IAPSO only symposia, and 11 joint symposia. The abstract books for these symposia have been posted on the IAPSO Web page. IAPSO also participated in various symposia led by other Associations, and in Union symposia. Dr. Klaus Wyrtki was presented the Prince Albert I Medal for his contributions to physical oceanography, and the past medalist, Dr. Walter Munk, delivered the Prince Albert I Lecture. The Eugene Lafond medal for the best paper from a developing country was presented to Margarita V. Chikina of Russia.

IAPSO held two Executive Committee meetings in Sapporo and one general business meeting. In addition, Commissions and Working Groups held separate meetings. Elections were held for the new IAPSO Executive Committee, various reports were presented, and planning was initiated for future activities. Because of the decision to hold the next IUGG General Assembly in Perugia, Italy, in 2007, IAPSO changed the location for its 2005 Assembly (previously tentatively planned for Italy) and agreed to join IAG in Cairns Australia in August 2005.

Initial scientific program planning was coordinated with the International Association for Biological Oceanography (IABO) for symposia to be held in Cairns. A number of joint IAG/IAPSO symposia were also agreed upon for the Cairns joint assembly. The IAPSO/SCOR Joint Working Group on Ocean Mixing initiated planning for a Symposium on Ocean Mixing to be held on 11-15 October 2004. Work also was initiated for an IAPSO sponsored workshop, the International Workshop on Forecasting and Data Assimilation in the Benguela and Comparable Systems to be held in Cape Town, South Africa, on 8-11 November 2004. IAPSO agreed to co-sponsor a symposium at the COSPAR meeting to be held in 2004.

Acitivities continued for Working Groups and Commissions during 2003. A decision was made to discontinue the IAPSO Commission for Cooperation with Developing Countries as there was a general opinion expressed that the IAPSO Executive Committee is performing this function.

The Past President of IAPSO initiated a free "membership" in IAPSO for interested oceanographers, with a periodic electronic newsletter to those individuals. Material related to IAPSO was made available at the AGU Fall meeting in December 2003. Action was also initiated to create an IAPSO poster, and to have information available at the AGU Ocean Sciences meeting in January 2004 (which IAPSO agreed to co-sponsor). Planning activities have continued on the future of IAPSO. A draft working document was distributed to IAPSO National Correspondents during 2003.

The IAPSO Secretariat continued updates to the IAPSO Web page, and answered general correspondence.

 

 


 

2002 IAPSO Activities

IAPSO activities in 2002 included preparation of the final IAPSO Scientific Program for the 2003 IUGG General Assembly, appointment of convenors, and solicitation of abstracts. Initial planning was carried out for a Joint IAPSO/IABO Assembly in Perugia, Italy in September 2005.

A questionnaire was prepared and information was solicited from all National Correspondents relating to the future of IAPSO. A special Task Committee was formed and that committee met in Cape Town in October to review input and determine directions.

A new Working Group on Deep Ocean Mixing was formed jointly between IAPSO and ICSU's Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR). An initial meeting of that working group is planned at the IUGG General Assembly in Sapporo. Initial action was undertaken to restructure the IAPSO Commission on Sea Ice to provide a broader scope. That action is continuing. Other Commissions were reviewed.

Activities of the IAPSO/IAHS Joint Commission on Groundwater- Seawater Interactions have continued. Action also progressed on the new Inter-Association IUGG Commission on GeoRisk. Activities of the Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level (sponsored by IAPSO), and IAPSO's Standard Sea Water Service (operated by Ocean Scientific International) continued in 2002. IAPSO's Commission on Sea Level and Tides operates in cooperation with the PSMSL.

Maintenance and updating of the IAPSO Web page continued. Links to university, laboratory and institute Web pages were added or revised. The abstract books from the 2001 Joint Assembly were added. IAPSO has found that Assembly abstract books are heavily accessed for significant periods of time following the Assemblies. The IAPSO Secretariat continues to respond to various inqueries for information.

 



2001 IAPSO Activities

The principal IAPSO activity in 2001 was the convening of the IAPSO/IABO Joint Assembly in Mar del Plata, Argentina in October. This Joint Assembly had 430 paid registrants including a significant number of students and young scientists. The abstract books are available electronically elsewhere on the IAPSO Web page. In addition to the technical sessions, there was a session on IAPSO history, and the first presentation of the Prince Albert I Medal. There were also several special luncheon meetings including a luncheon for student attendees. The IAPSO Executive Committee had two business meetings plus an initial meeting on the future of IAPSO. There was a tentative decision to convene a follow-up Joint Assembly with IABO in 2005 somewhere in Europe. There were discussions of IAPSO Commissions, with a decision to discontinue the Commission on Sea Ice, and several proposals relating to other possible commissions. ICSU's Scientific Committee for Oceanic Research (SCOR) held an Executive Committee meeting in Mar del Plata immediately following the Joint Assembly.

The formal organization meeting for the new IAPSO/IAHS Joint Commission on Groundwater-Seawater Interactions was held at the IAHS Assembly during the summer of 2001. The commission developed frames of reference and a proposal for future actions over the next several years. Action also progressed on the new Inter- Association IUGG Commission on GeoRisk. Activities of the Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level (sponsored by IAPSO), and IAPSO's Standard Sea Water Service (operated by Ocean Scientific International) continued in 2001.

The IAPSO President and Secretary General attended the IUGG Executive Committee meeting in Sapporo, Japan, and the meetings of the IUGG Scientific Program Committee in Sapporo and in San Francisco, USA. An IAPSO scientific program was developed for the IUGG General Assembly to be held in Sapporo in 2003. Details of the program are elsewhere on the IAPSO Web page.

Maintenance and updating of the IAPSO Web page continued. Additional links were added to university, laboratory and institute Web pages. The IAPSO Secretariat continues to respond to various inqueries for information.

 



2000 IAPSO Activities

During the year 2000, action was initiated to form an IAPSO/IAHS Joint Commission on Groundwater-Seawater Interactions. Funding was obtained to hold an initial meeting at the IAHS Assembly in 2001. Action progressed to form the Inter- Association IUGG Commission on GeoRisk proposed in 1999. Activities of the Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level (sponsored by IAPSO), and IAPSO's Standard Sea Water Service (operated by Ocean Scientific International) continued in 2000.

The IAPSO President initiated contacts with the Palace in Monaco regarding the proposed creation of a medal to be awarded for distinguished accomplishments in the physical sciences of the oceans. Prince Rainier of Monaco has agreed to establish the Prince Albert I medal to be awarded biannually by IAPSO for that purpose. An invitation was extended to have a member of the the Prince's family present the first medal at the Joint Assembly in 2001.

Maintenance and updating of the IAPSO Web page continued. A page of information for younger students was added as an outreach effort. A mirror Web page was created as a direct portion of the IUGG Web page. Additional links were added to university, laboratory and institute Web pages. Accesses to the IAPSO Web page reached a level of 5,000 hits per month by late summer, with a substantial percentage accessing the 1999 symposia abstracts and a significant number accessing 1997 abstracts.

Plans continued for a Joint IAPSO/IABO Assembly in Mar del Plata Argentina in October 2001. The final technical program for that Assembly was prepared, symposia convenors and co- convenorswere established, registration information was added to Joint Assembly Web page, and efforts were initiated to obtain funds from various sources for travel grants. Substantial advertising has been carried out for the Joint Assembly including e-mail distribution of notices, and distribution of hard copies of the Call for Papers. IAPSO joined with other Associations in providing information at an IUGG booth at the AGU Fall meeting. IAPSO joined with IAG to hold a week-long workshop in Brazil in 2000, with a follow-up symposium scheduled in conjunction with the 2001 Assembly in Argentina.

Discussions were also initiated in regard to the site for an Assembly in 2005. Discussions have been carried out with a representative in India, as India expressed an interest in 1999. Discussions/coordination have continued with IAMAS and IAHS in regard to the possibility of a Joint Assembly. Partial funding was obtained to allow representatives of the three Associations to travel to India in 2001 to view a potential site and discuss possibilities with representatives of the three Associations in India.

The IAPSO Secretary General represented the Association at the IUGG Executive Committee meeting in Boulder, Colorado, in July. The IAPSO Past President represented the Association at the SCOR meeting in Washington, DC. The IAPSO Deputy Secretary General also attended the SCOR meeting.

The IAPSO Secretariat continues to respond to various inqueries for information.

 



1999 IAPSO Activities

During 1999, the principal activity of the International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans (IAPSO) was participation in the IUGG General Assembly in Birmingham, UK. That is reported in detail on the IAPSO Web page. The portions of the abstract books related to IAPSO led symposia and joint symposia, and joint symposia led by other Associations in which IAPSO participated, are now posted on the IAPSO Web page. In conjunction with the General Assembly, IAPSO held two meetings of its Executive Committee and one plenary business meeting with national delegates at which new IAPSO officers were elected.

Three IAPSO Commissions met at Birmingham, the Commission on Sea Ice; the Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides; and the Commission on Cooperation with Developing Countries. The Tsunami Commission, jointly sponsored with IASPEI and IAVCEI, also met in Birmingham. The Executive Committee voted in favor of disestablishing the IAPSO Commission on Natural Marine Hazards and supporting an Inter-Association Commission on Natural Hazards in its place. The Executive Committee also was in favor of supporting several other new Inter-Association Commissions.

Activities of the Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level (sponsored by IAPSO), and IAPSO's Standard Sea Water Service (operated by Ocean Scientific International) continued in 1999.

Plans continued for a Joint IAPSO/IABO Assembly in Mar del Plata Argentina in October 2001. A Program Committee was established to prepare the final technical program for that Assembly and to obtain convenors and co-convenors. IAPSO has joined with IAG to support a week-long workshop in Brazil in 2000, with a follow-up workshop proposed in conjunction with the 2001 Assembly in Argentina. Discussions were also initiated in regard to the site for an Assembly in 2005.

The IAPSO Secretariat continues to respond to various inquiries for information.

 

 



1998 IAPSO Activities

Principle activities of IAPSO during 1998 have been the continued planning of IAPSO led symposia for the IUGG General Assembly in Birmingham, England, in July 1999, and a proposed Joint IAPSO/IABO Assembly in Mar del Plata Argentina in 2001. The Second and Third Circulars for IUGG99 were issued by the Local Organizing Committee, and the IAPSO symposia were also listed on the IAPSO Web page as well as the IUGG99 Web page. In addition, individual symposia convenors have been soliciting abstracts. Abstracts are now being submitted. Some additional groups decided to meet in conjunction with the IUGG99 General Assembly. In particular, Symposium P15, Optical Oceanography & UV Radiation, is co-sponsored by IOP and EOS. The SCOR/LOICZ Working Group 112 informed IAPSO of their intention to meet in conjunction with IUGG99.

Argentine representatives of IAPSO and IABO made an initial site visit to look at possible facilities for the venue of the proposed 2001 Joint Assembly. Some potential co-sponsors were contacted, including the Latin American Organization of Marine Sciences Researchers, and IAPSO is awaiting their decisions.

IAPSO Commissions have remained active. The IAPSO Commission on Sea Ice has issued a publication, "Physics of Ice-Covered Seas," published in cooperation with the University of Helsinki. It is available for sale from the University.

IAPSO conducted a mail ballot to revise Statutes and By-Laws related to elections, and the revisions were posted on the IAPSO Web page after approval. In conjunction with this, IAPSO has been updating the listing of National Correspondents (available on the IAPSO Web page), and soliciting nominatins for National Correspondents from those Member Countries where they are lacking. Nominations were solicited for positions on the Executive Committee which will be filled by the upcoming election in 1999.

The IAPSO Secretariat continues to provide responses to general inquiries, and to maintain and update the IAPSO Web page.

 

 



1997 IAPSO Activities

During the period from 1 January - 31 December 1997, the International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans (IAPSO) jointly convened an Assembly with the International Association for Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS) in Melbourne, Australia. Other IUGG Associations also participated in the Assembly. Details of the IAPSO symposia, and IAPSO led joint symposia, have been posted on the IAPSO Web page at http://www.olympus.net/IAPSO

There were two meetings of the IAPSO Executive Committee at the Joint Assembly in Melbourne. Principal items discussed were the program for the upcoming IUGG General Assembly in 1999, a proposed Joint Assembly with the International Association for Biological Oceanography (IABO) in 2001, possibilities for new IAPSO Commissions, a proposed change to the number of members on the IAPSO Executive Committee, and the formation of a nominating committee prior to the next election of IAPSO Executive Bureau and Executive Committee members.

The IAPSO Secretary General and a member of the IAPSO Executive Committee from the United Kingdom met with the Scientific Program Committee for IUGG99 in Birmingham, England. The Secretary General and the IAPSO President met with the IUGG Executive Committee, also in Birmingham. A member of the IAPSO Executive Committee from Argentina served as IAPSO's official representative at the meeting of ICSU's Scientific Committee for Oceanic Research in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Planning continued for the IAPSO portion of the IUGG General Assembly to be held in Birmingham, England, in 1999. Symposia convenors were identified and short write-ups on the scopes of the symposia were prepared. This work continued into early 1998.

IAPSO's Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level and the Standard Sea Water Service continued their service to the international oceanographic community.

There were two IAPSO publications in 1997, a proceedings for the 1995 IAPSO General Assembly, and a collection of papers on oceanography in developing countries taken from papers presented at the 1991 and 1995 General Assemblies.

 

 



1996 IAPSO Activities

During the period 1 January - 31 December 1996 the Secretary General established the IAPSO Web page to provide a resource to the international oceanographic community. In addition to the Web page, direct responses were provided to various inquiries received by letters, e-mail, and FAX.

Activities continued to formulate the IAPSO Program for the upcoming IAMAS/IAPSO Joint Assembly to be held in July 1997 in Melbourne, Australia. The IAPSO Commission on Sea Ice has organized a symposium and a separate workshop at this Assembly, and the Commission on Natural Marine Hazards and the jointly sponsored Tsunami Commission have also organized symposia. The final program was advertised and abstracts of proposed papers were accepted.

An initial solicitation for proposals was issued for IAPSO symposia to be held at the upcoming 1999 IUGG General Assembly to be held in Birmingham, England, UK. Formulation of a proposed program was in progress during the later part of the year.

The IAPSO President continued to serve as IAPSO's representative to ICSU's Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR). In that capacity he attended SCOR's meeting in Southampton, England.

The IAPSO Commission on Natural Marine Hazards co-sponsored and was a primary organizer of three scientific meetings. These were Hazards '96 held in Toronto, Canada, in July 1996 as a continuation of a series of international meetings on hazards, Coastal Zone Canada '96 held in Rimouski, Quebec, in August 1996, and Natural and Technological Coastal Hazards held in Tirupati, India, in December 1996. The meeting in India was part of an initiative to hold scientific meetings in countries in need, recognizing that scientists in those countries often have difficulty in obtaining travel funds to attend meetings outside their immediate geographic area.

The IAPSO Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides, and IAPSO's Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level, provided scientific support and co-sponsorship of a meeting, Tidal Science, at the Royal Society in London in October 1996. The Permanent Service on Mean Sea Level continued to provide data and provides the GLOSS Bulletin which is available on the World Wide Web. The IAPSO Standard Sea Water Service also continued service to the international oceanographic community.

The IAPSO Commission for Cooperation with Developing Countries completed a draft of an IAPSO publication on Oceanography in Developing Countries. Present Plans are to publish that in cooperation with a university in India. The publication incorporates papers presented at the IUGG General Assembly in 1991 and the IAPSO General Assembly in 1995.

The Tsunami Commission is now jointly sponsored by IAPSO, IASPEI, and IAVCEI. The IAVCEI sponsorship was added in 1996.

 

 



1995 IAPSO General Assembly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The General Assembly of IAPSO held in Honolulu, Hawaii in August 1995 was the largest and involved the greatest number of countries in the history of IAPSO. A substantial effort, spanning three years of preparations had been made to include all known working oceanographers in the world in the IAPSO mailing list and to implement an up-to-date, PC based data base.

The Honolulu General Assembly included 13 symposia and two workshops. The Symposia were:

Large-Scale Ocean Circulation
Decadal and Interdecadal Variations in the Ocean
(Co-sponsored by the IOC)
Circulation of Marginal Seas and Semi-Enclosed Seas
Coastal Ocean (A): Interaction with the Open Ocean
Coastal Ocean (B): Interaction with the Adjacent Land
Carbon Dioxide in the Oceans
Air-Sea-Ice Interactions and High-Latitude Ocean Processes
Dynamics of the Open Ocean from New Satellites
(Co-sponsored by the IAG)
Marine Dispersion
Spatial Structure of Short Ocean Waves
Physical, Chemical, & Geological Oceanography; Poster/Precis
Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling: TOGA/COARE
(Co-sponsored by IAMAS and IAHS)
Internal Waves & Small-Scale Turbulence in the Oceans, Lakes & Atmosphere
(Co-sponsored by IAMAS)

 

Other meetings having IAPSO participation and/or support in 1995

The Working Group on Laboratory Modelling of Dynamic Processes in the Ocean's meeting entitled "Boundary Effects in Stratified and/or Rotating Fluids," St. Petersburg, Russia, June 6-8, 1995

IAPSO Commission on Mean Sea Level and Tides joint workshop with the IOC Global Sea Level Observing System Group of Experts in Bordeaux, France, January 1995

The Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level took part in an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Lead Authors meeting in Brighton, UK, 1995

 

 

 

The IAPSO office has been situated at Gothenburg University, Sweden until June 2015, and the day-to-day business has been managed by the Secretary General (SG) Johan Rodhe, Sweden. In July 2015 the IAPSO office moved to the Institute of Marine Science of the National Research Council of Italy, Trieste and since then the day-to-day business has been managed by the newly elected SG, Stefania Sparnocchia.

 

The new Bureau of IAPSO comprises the President, Denise Smythe-Wright, the Past President, Eugene Morozov, the SG, Stefania Sparnocchia and the Treasurer, Ken Ridgway. The SG is responsible for the IAPSO website and in July, 2015 a new IAPSO page was created in the Facebook social network, with the aim of facilitating the spreading of information in the community (see https://www.facebook.com/iapso.iugg.org).

In 2015, there were four IAPSO business meetings and meeting of the EC during the IUGG General Assembly in Prague. Other IAPSO discussions were maintained by means of e-mail communication.